There are actually two types of bruxism :
- Bruxism, or the grinding of teeth, involving a movement between the upper and lower arch.
- Clenching of the teeth, which is more of a stable movment.
Whatever the component, the phenomenon can occur day and night but is more often found at night during sleep.
We can even notice some wear on the surface of the teeth, or loss of enamel thickness that can lead to muscle and joint compensation as well as radiating pain. The causes are multiple, but most of the time factors such as anxiety and stress are directly related.
What is the treatment against bruxism ?
In addition to understanding how the problem works and isolating the causes, it is necessary to protect the teeth to avoid persistent wear: The approach should be the least invasive possible.
This is why we recommend the use of an occlusal guard on the surface of the teeth in order to prevent any additional wear, to relax the muscle groups concerned and to avoid any joint compensation.
These night guards are moulded from tooth impressions and delivered in the form of reinforced resin gutters whose thickness prevents contact of the upper teeth with those of the bottom and thus protect the muscle groups. Wear of these gutters is possible and it becomes necessary to replace them every 5 to 10 years depending on the intensity of the phenomenon.
How many appointments do you need for such a treatment ?
A first appointment is required for the diagnosis and the impressions with a high-precision material.
The night guard is ready at the second appointment and some adjustments of the thickness are usually needed.
Regular recalls increase the accuracy of the protection by adjusting the contact points and the thickness of the resin.